- area (particular geographic region)
Oblast (; lang-bs oblast; ; lang-cs oblast; ; ; ; ; ) refers to a type of administrative division in Slavic countries and in some countries of the former Soviet Union. The word "oblast" is a loanword in English, but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "zone", "province", or "region". The last translation may lead to confusion, because the subdivision of "oblast" is called "raion" which is translated as "region" or "district", depending on the context.
Oblasts are a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the now-defunct Soviet Union. Official terms in successor states of the Soviet Union differ, but some still use a cognate of the Russian term, e.g. voblast (voblasts, voblasts' , ) is used for provinces of Belarus, and oblys (plural: oblystar) for provinces of Kazakhstan.
Oblasts of BulgariaSince 1997, Bulgaria has been divided into 28 oblasti, usually translated as provinces. Before, the country was divided into nine bigger units, also called oblast.
Oblasts of the Russian EmpireIn the Russian Empire, oblasts were considered to be administrative units and were included as parts of Governorates General or krais. The majority of then-existing oblasts were located on the periphery of the country or covered the areas where Cossacks lived.
Oblasts of the Soviet UnionIn the now-dissolved Soviet Union, oblasts were one of the types of administrative divisions of the union republics. As any administrative units of this level, oblasts were composed of districts (raions) and cities/towns directly under oblasts' jurisdiction. Some oblasts also included autonomous entities called autonomous okrugs.
The names of oblasts did not usually correspond to the names of the respective historical regions, as they were created as purely administrative units. With a few exceptions, Soviet oblasts were named after their administrative centers.
Terms used to describe oblasts in post-Soviet countriesThe oblasts in other post-Soviet countries are officially called:
- Armenia: marz (see provinces of Armenia)
- Belarus: voblast (see provinces of Belarus)
- Kazakhstan: oblys (see provinces of Kazakhstan)
- Kyrgyzstan: oblast (see provinces of Kyrgyzstan)
- Tajikistan: viloyat (see provinces of Tajikistan)
- Turkmenistan: welayat (see provinces of Turkmenistan)
- Uzbekistan: viloyat (see provinces of Uzbekistan)
Oblasts of RussiaAccording to the Constitution of Russia, oblasts are considered to be subjects of the Federation, which is a higher status than that of administrative units they had within the Russian SFSR before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The federal subject status gives the oblasts some degree of autonomy and gives them representation in the Federation Council.
Oblasts of Ukraine
Oblasts of YugoslaviaOblasts were administrative units of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1922 and 1929. During that period, the country was divided into 33 oblasts. In 1929, oblasts were replaced with larger administrative units known as banovinas.
During the Yugoslav Wars, several Serbian Autonomous Oblasts were formed in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. These oblasts were later merged into the Republic of Serbian Krajina and the Republika Srpska.
oblast in Afrikaans: Oblast
oblast in Belarusian: Вобласць, геаграфія
oblast in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Вобласьць
oblast in Bulgarian: Област (България)
oblast in Catalan: Óblast
oblast in Czech: Oblast
oblast in Danish: Oblast
oblast in German: Oblast
oblast in Esperanto: Oblasto
oblast in Spanish: Óblast
oblast in Estonian: Oblast
oblast in Basque: Oblast
oblast in Finnish: Oblasti
oblast in French: Oblast
oblast in Hebrew: אובלסט
oblast in Indonesian: Oblast
oblast in Italian: Oblast'
oblast in Japanese: オーブラスチ
oblast in Javanese: Oblast
oblast in Kurdish: Oblast
oblast in Dutch: Oblast
oblast in Norwegian: Oblast
oblast in Portuguese: Óblast
oblast in Romanian: Oblast
oblast in Russian: Область (география)
oblast in Swedish: Oblast
oblast in Turkish: Oblast
oblast in Ukrainian: Область
oblast in Vietnamese: Oblast